The nervous system is undoubtedly the most complicated and mystifying system of the human body. Brain, spinal cord, 43 pairs of nerves, and 100 billion neurons make up your central nervous system. The system collectively helps in communication with other systems like endocrine, digestive, lymphatic, immune, and muscular systems. Brain functions as the central control system of the entire system and damage to the brains could mean severe sensory and muscular impairments in the body. It can even affect your memory and personality.
Brain disorders and symptoms
The disabilities or conditions that affect your brains are termed as brain disorders. The primary reasons that attribute to brain disorders are illness, injuries, and genetic causes. However, this is only a broad categorization of disorders that vary significantly based on the severity and symptoms. Learn about these categories briefly in the subsequent sections.
Traumatic brain injuries
Any traumatic head injury due to accidents, falls, sports injuries or physical assaults can cause severe damage to brain tissues, nerves, or neurons. Injuries are also rampant among infants who are subjected to violent shakings. These can result in the brain losing its ability to communicate with the rest of the body. Though in most cases, the skull protects your brain from injuries, there are chances of spine injuries causing damage to the brain. Following are the various types of brain injuries.
- Hematoma: Clotting of blood inside the brain can build up pressure inside the brain.
- Contusions: A type of hematoma, that involves bruising of brain tissues
- Blood clots: Clots forming in carotid arteries and heart chambers can travel to the brain, which is the primary cause of strokes.
- Cerebral oedema: Swelling inside the skull due to collection of fluids
- Concussions: Being unconscious or having an altered mental state.
Vomiting, nausea, numbness, difficulty in speech, memory loss, paralysis, concentration problems, and bleeding from ears are some of the significant symptoms associated with brain injuries. These symptoms may later lead to irregular breathing, pupil dilation, high blood pressure, and a lower heart rate.
Depending on the type of brain injuries, patients undergo various treatments. According to the best neurosurgeon in chennai, nearly half of people require brain surgeries to repair or remove damaged tissues. Others may not need treatments other than pain medicines. Psychiatric treatments, physiotherapy, and speech therapies are essential for the rehabilitation of patients with brain injuries.
Primary Brain Tumors are the tumours formed in the brain, whereas cancer that spreads to the brain from other parts of the brain are secondary or metastatic brain tumours. The brain tumours are classified in grades of 1, 2, 3, or 4, where the highest degree indicates the severity of the disease.
Headaches, numbness, seizures, vomiting, nausea, and changes in behaviour, movement, and sensory damages are significant symptoms of brain tumour. It can occur in anyone irrespective of age.
Chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and surgeries are the primary treatment methods that, of course, depend upon the age and overall health of the patients.
Most neurodegenerative diseases, such as Tay-Sachs are genetic and show symptoms at an early age. These diseases deteriorate the brain and nerves gradually over time, and there is no definite cure for these diseases. But treatments are available to reduce the severity of symptoms. Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, Huntington’s are some of the diseases of this category
Memory loss, mood changes, anxiety, agitation, forgetfulness, loss of inhibition and apathy are some of the significant symptoms.
Diagnosis of brain disorders is mostly based on the symptoms and medical history, according to the best brain surgeon in Chennai. Hence, if you notice any symptoms consult your primary physician immediately.
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